The Desktop

The OSX desktop has a blue Apple.

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The Apple Menu and Control Strip have been replaced by The Dock. (This is where the Trash is.)

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The Trash

To move items to the Trash, simply drag and drop.

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The Trash can appears full!

To use the keyboard shortcut is:

Hold the
Apple Key and press delete (backspace).

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To empty the Trash you can:

• go to
Finder at the top of the screen and drag down to Empty Trash.

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• go to the Trash icon in the dock.

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• Click and hold the mouse on the icon.

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• When you see the Empty Trash command, move the mouse over the words, (the words become highlighted) then release the mouse button.

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The keyboard short cut is:

• hold the
Apple Key and the Shift Key together then press Delete (backspace).

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You will see this window:

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• Click OK.

Items in the Dock

You can put almost anything in the Dock for easy access.

• Locate an Application you frequently use (You don’t need to create an alias), and drag its icon to the dock.

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Removing items is just as easy.

• Locate an application you seldom use.

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• Drag the icon to the Trash.

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• Don’t worry, this only removes the Icon, not the Application!

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Open Applications are shown by a little black triangle under the icon.

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A Web site that you access frequently can also be stored in the Dock.
• Drag the URL in your Web browser....

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• ...to the right of the divider in the Dock.

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Now, when you click on this icon you will be taken directly to your chosen Web site.

Files and Folders in the Dock

Files and folders can be accessed from the dock.
Drag the file or folder to the Dock at the
right of the divider.

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(Be careful you don’t accidentally drop it in the Trash!)

To access items in your folder:
• Click once on the icon.

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• A window opens where you can navigate to your files.

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Another way to access items in your folder:

• Click and hold the mouse button on the icon.

You will see a menu showing the contents of your folder.
• Make your selection from the list.

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Dock Preferences

Making the dock appear larger or smaller

• Move your mouse over the divider
• When it is in the correct place, the arrow changes to this symbol.

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• Hold the mouse button down and drag up or down to enlarge or reduce the size of the Dock.

Changing the appearance of the Dock
• Go to the blue Apple at the top of the screen

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• Drag down to Dock

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If you wish to change only one aspect, make a choice from the pop-up menu

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If you wish to change various aspects, select Dock Preferences

• You will see this window

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Drag the slider to make the Dock bigger or smaller.

Turn magnification on or off and use the slider to set the magnification.

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The further up the scale you go, the greater the magnification effect.

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• Choose the position on the screen.

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• Turn on and off the ‘bouncing’ animation which happens when you start up an application.

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• Selecting this option keeps the Dock hidden until you move your mouse the where the Dock would normally be.

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Changing the appearance of the Dock / Minimising windows.

• To minimise a window, click on the amber button on the top left of the window.

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• Choose the Genie effect or Scale effect from the pop-up menu

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• To restore the window click on it in the Dock.

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Window Views OS X

Click one of these three buttons. You have three choices:

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Icon (shown below)

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List (shown below)

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Column
(this view enables you to go where you want without opening folder upon folder)

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Collapsing Windows

This is done by minimising to the Dock.

• Click the yellow (middle) button.

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• The window will shrink to the dock.

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• When you want it back, simply click on the icon in the dock.

Closing Windows

Click the red (left) button.

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or use the shortcut Apple Key and W

This only closes the window, it not does not quit the application.

(The icon still has a little black triangle under it, showing it is still active)

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Zooming Windows

To zoom an open window click on the green (right hand) button.

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Click it again to return to the previous size.

To resize a window, grab the corner and drag to resize.

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Making a New Folder

Hold down the Control key (ctrl) and click anywhere on the desktop.

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Select
New Folder from the pop-up menu.

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(The Keyboard shortcut is
Apple Key and Shift N)

or

• go to File at the top of the screen and select New Folder

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System Preferences

Go to the Apple menu.

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Choose System Preferences.

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Click on an item to see its own preference pane.

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Eg. Appearance.

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System Preferences can also be accessed from the
Dock.

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• Remember, System Preferences is an
application. When it is
launched, a little black arrow appears below the icon in the Dock.

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• To
Quit go to System Preferences at the top
of the screen and select
Quit System Preferences.

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• or
use the shortcut Apple Key and Q


Force Quit

If an application freezes, Force Quit.(This enables you to
immediately relaunch and go back to work.)

• go to the
Apple menu and select Force Quit

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or use the Keyboard Shortcut Apple Key - Alt - Escape.

When this window opens select the application you wish to Force Quit.

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Click Force Quit.

Repairing Permissions

Sometimes if you are having problems, you can use Disk Utility solve them.
Click once on the Desktop to access the
Finder Menus. Click on Go.

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Select Utilities from the drop-down menu.

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Click once on the Hard Drive at the top of the list.

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Click on the First Aid button.

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Click on the Repair Permissions button.

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A bar will fill up showing the progress of the process.

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When this is complete, you will see a message in the window.

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Quit Disk Utility.

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More Help?

OS X has an extensive help system.
• Click on Help at the top of the screen.

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• Type a question, word or phrase and press enter (return).

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Ejecting a Disc

Drag to the trash

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or

• use the eject button on the keyboard.

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or
• click once on the on the disc’s icon. It becomes highlighted.

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• go to
File. Select Eject.

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or
• use the keyboard shortcut Apple Key and E

or
• control (ctrl) click the CD icon.

• select Eject from the drop-down menu.

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Sleep, Restart, Shut Down

Click on the Apple menu

• Select Sleep or Restart or Shut Down

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